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It could reasonably be said that it is one of the most stable African states. Historically, it was less heavily colonised than much of the continent, and this has had a positive influence on it culturally.

Gaborone is not beautiful — there is an extraordinary amount of construction going on — but it is clean, with no overwhelming signs of poverty.

T he current president, Ian Khama , the democratically elected son of Seretse, sometimes rides around on his motorbike.

A red carpet runs partially through the mall. Local television stations are filming the proceedings. Waitresses waft about bearing trays of bottled water, Cokes and beers.

He is seated next to the president, listening to speeches by Marcus ter Haar, grandson of Seretse and Ruth, and his brother, Dale.

Seretse Khama, born in , was the chief-in-waiting of the powerful Bangwato, among the larger of several Botswana tribes. His father had died when he was four, and the regent was his uncle Tshekedi Khama.

At the time, Botswana was a British protectorate, known as Bechuanaland. Seretse was educated in South Africa he met Nelson Mandela while both were studying in Johannesburg , before arriving at Balliol College, Oxford, in , then moving to London to study law.

In post-war Britain, only 0. They were initially drawn together by a mutual love of jazz. Not long afterwards, he asked her to marry him, but Tshekedi was firmly against it.

Seretse returned to Bechuanaland shortly after his marriage, and attended a series of kgotlas huge tribal general councils, which were effectively the centre of moral and politicial life to discuss his future.

At the third, in June , at least 9, men turned up from all over the Bangwato Reserve. Contested by Tshekedi, Seretse gave a moving address and asked the Bangwato to accept him as chief with Ruth as his wife.

The population at the time was nearly ,, only about 2, of whom were white. By the following year, though, Ruth, who was pregnant, had become popular with locals, especially the women.

When Seretse had to return to England, she and Ruth went with him. Seretse was reunited with Tshekedi, renounced the chieftainship and founded the Bechuanaland Democratic Party, becoming the founding president of Botswana in , when the country became independent.

Seretse and Ruth went on to have two more children. She lived by herself on a farm, and died in T his story caught the eye of the historian and writer Susan Williams, who went on to turn it into a masterfully researched book.

And so it is that I find myself in Roupell Street, in south-east London, sometime in the late s, where an ancient Eastgate Dairy van is delivering milk to the little flat-fronted houses.

It is cold and damp, and fake fog is being pumped out furiously. T he scene being shot today is between Seretse and Ruth; he is walking her home after a long night of dancing.

Shortly before his death, Khama played major roles in negotiating the end of the Rhodesian civil war and the resulting creation and independence of Zimbabwe , and the creation of the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference.

Khama was reelected three times by virtue of the BDP easily winning the , and elections. In Botswana, candidates for the National Assembly declare whom they endorse for president when they lodge their nomination papers, and the presidential candidate with a majority of endorsements is automatically elected.

He governed with very large majorities for his entire tenure, never facing more than seven opposition MPs. For a number of years leading up to his death, Khama's health deteriorated.

He suffered from heart and kidney ailments. In he had been diagnosed with diabetes. In , he underwent a heart operation in Johannesburg to install a pacemaker.

From then on, he frequently flew to London for medical treatment. In June , he flew to London, where doctors diagnosed him with terminal pancreatic cancer.

He returned home after it was determined that no cure was possible. On 13 July , Khama died of pancreatic cancer at age Forty thousand people paid their respects to Khama as his body lay in state in Gaborone.

Twenty eight years after Khama's death, his son Ian succeeded Festus Mogae as the fourth President of Botswana; in the general election he won a landslide victory.

Ian Khama left office in It was named after Khama and opened in In , the film A United Kingdom told the story of the controversies that surrounded Khama's marriage.

Khama is frequently referenced in The No. Mma Ramotswe, the series' protagonist, greatly admires him, compares him with Nelson Mandela and very much regrets the fact of his not being so well known internationally.

The books themselves did a bit to correct that situation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

His Excellency. Archived from the original on 20 July University of Botswana History Department website. Retrieved 28 April Retrieved 24 May Botswana Notes and Records.

London: Victor Gollancz. The British government knew well enough, throughout the dispute, that the Union [of South Africa]'s Nationalist Government was playing up the theme of the protectorates, and that it was within the Union's power to apply economic sanctions at any time.

The latest available figures show that more than half the cattle exported from Bechuanaland go to the Union Inner Temple. Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 6 August He went on, 'indeed, we cannot exclude the possibility of an armed incursion into the Bechuanaland Protectorate from the Union if Serestse were to be recognised forthwith, while feeling on the subject is inflamed'.

They concluded: 'We have no hesitation in finding that, but for his unfortunate marriage, his prospects as Chief are as bright as those of any native in Africa with whom we have come into contact'.

BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 6 September Some sections of the press attacked him, the Daily Express with especial force The London Gazette Supplement.

The London Gazette. African Heroes. The Shackled Continent. Fraser Institute. Tupy 14 May Retrieved 27 February Johnson and J. Rodrik Ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Archived from the original on 2 November Botswana's Search for Autonomy in Southern Africa. Archived from the original on 24 January Seretse Khama, — Braamfontein: Macmillan Boleswa.

Presidents of Botswana. Tambo Independence activists. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Himself as Prime Minister [1].

Botswana woman

Seretse returned to Bechuanaland shortly after his marriage, and attended a series of kgotlas huge tribal general councils, which were effectively the centre of moral and politicial life to discuss his future.

At the third, in June , at least 9, men turned up from all over the Bangwato Reserve. Contested by Tshekedi, Seretse gave a moving address and asked the Bangwato to accept him as chief with Ruth as his wife.

The population at the time was nearly ,, only about 2, of whom were white. By the following year, though, Ruth, who was pregnant, had become popular with locals, especially the women.

When Seretse had to return to England, she and Ruth went with him. Seretse was reunited with Tshekedi, renounced the chieftainship and founded the Bechuanaland Democratic Party, becoming the founding president of Botswana in , when the country became independent.

Seretse and Ruth went on to have two more children. She lived by herself on a farm, and died in T his story caught the eye of the historian and writer Susan Williams, who went on to turn it into a masterfully researched book.

And so it is that I find myself in Roupell Street, in south-east London, sometime in the late s, where an ancient Eastgate Dairy van is delivering milk to the little flat-fronted houses.

It is cold and damp, and fake fog is being pumped out furiously. T he scene being shot today is between Seretse and Ruth; he is walking her home after a long night of dancing.

A sante, who has Ghanaian heritage, was fascinated by the story, and the inspiring figures at its centre. He was an honest man who had great integrity, and I think that integrity is something the country has been able to benefit from ever since.

He tells me about how he loved the book and was thrilled to get Asante on board as he had admired her film Belle, set in the 18th century, about the mixed-race daughter of a Royal Navy admiral.

She gave us the vision we needed in order to get to the point where it was worthy of being shot. O yelowo had wanted to work with Rosamund Pike for a long time and thought she would be a great Ruth, but she was always busy.

We all aspire to love like this. S uddenly Oyelowo found he had both director and co-star, and things needed to happen very fast indeed.

The crew were determined to shoot in real locations, and to use as many local people as possible. Auditions were held in the Lady Khama Community Hall in Serowe, and there were a few people in the cast of extras who had known Ruth.

They transformed a railway station in Palapye to fit the period; costumes were meticulously recreated. T he most poignant moment of filming, says Oyelowo, was when the president came to the set.

Then we were told that the president had just landed and was on his way to set. Back in Botswana, the premiere of A United Kingdom is a huge success.

During the screening there are shouts of joy when some of the audience recognise people they know on screen. At the end there is a standing ovation.

Admitting defeat, Tshekedi Khama left the Bamangwato reserve for voluntary exile in the Bakwena reserve while Khama returned to London to complete his studies.

However, the international ramifications of his marriage were not so easily resolved. Having banned interracial marriage in under the apartheid system, South Africa 's government opposed having an interracial couple ruling just across their northern border.

The couple was banned from entering South Africa, including Mafeking , which then operated as the administrative capital of Bechuanaland.

Since Bechuanaland was then a British protectorate not a colony , the South African government immediately exerted pressure on the UK to have Khama removed from his chieftainship.

The Attlee ministry , Britain's Labour -led government, then heavily in debt from World War II , could not afford to lose cheap South African gold and uranium supplies.

They also feared that South Africa might take more direct action against Bechuanaland, either economic sanctions or a military incursion.

The British government conducted a judicial enquiry into Khama's fitness for the chieftainship. The investigation did not disapprove of interracial marriage as such and reported that he was eminently fit to rule the Bamangwato , "but for his unfortunate marriage", which prevented good relations with neighbouring apartheid regimes.

Various groups protested against the government decision, holding it up as evidence of British racism.

In Britain, there was wide anger at the decision and calls for the resignation of Lord Salisbury , the minister responsible.

However, when ordered by the British High Commission to replace Khama, the people refused to comply. In , both Khama and his wife were allowed to return to Bechuanaland as private citizens, after he had renounced the tribal throne.

Khama began an unsuccessful stint as a cattle rancher. He became involved in local politics, being elected to the tribal council in as its secretary.

In , Khama returned to the politics by founding the Bechuanaland Democratic Party. His exile gave him an increased credibility with an independence-minded electorate, and the BDP swept aside its Socialist and Pan-Africanist rivals to dominate the elections.

As Prime Minister of Bechuanaland , Khama continued to push for Botswana's independence while based in the newly established capital of Gaborone. A constitution delineated a new Botswana government , and on 30 September , Botswana gained its independence.

As prescribed by the new constitution, Khama became its first President. At the time of its independence in , Botswana was the world's third-poorest country, poorer than most other African countries.

Khama set out on a vigorous economic programme intended to transform the nation into an export-based economy, built around beef , copper and diamonds.

The discovery of Orapa's diamond deposits aided this programme. Khama instituted strong measures against corruption , the bane of so many other newly independent African nations.

Unlike other countries in Africa, his administration adopted market-friendly policies to foster economic development. Khama promised low and stable taxes to mining companies, liberalized trade , and increased personal freedoms.

He maintained low marginal income tax rates to deter tax evasion and corruption. The small public service was transformed into an efficient and relatively corruption-free bureaucracy with workers hired based on merit.

Calls to immediately "indigenize" the bureaucracy were resisted, and the government retained foreign expatriates working in the bureaucracy until suitably qualified locals could be found to replace them.

Khama and his people also drew on international advisers and consultants. Mining companies were encouraged to search the country for more resources, leading to the discovery of additional copper, nickel , and coal deposits.

Between and Botswana had the fastest-growing economy in the world. The customs union between Botswana and South Africa was renegotiated in , with the government of Botswana securing for itself a greater share of the mining revenue.

By the mids, Botswana had a budget surplus. The government used these revenues to heavily invest in the expansion of infrastructure , health care , and the education system, resulting in further economic development.

In particular, the government invested in other sources of economic growth. The cattle industry was heavily subsidised, with the government nationalising the country's lone slaughterhouse and building two more, heavily subsidising veterinary services, vaccines , and cattle fence construction.

It set up the Botswana Meat Commission as the sole seller of beef in the country, setting prices and selling beef to regional and international markets.

With Khama's direct intervention, it negotiated a lucrative trade deal with the European Economic Community , gaining prices far above world levels.

Khama also spearheaded a national fundraising campaign to build Botswana's first institute of higher education, which resulted in the establishment of the University of Botswana in , after Khama's death.

The Botswana Development Corporation was established in to attract foreign investment in crop agriculture, tourism , and secondary industries.

In , the Botswana pula was introduced, replacing the South African rand as the national currency. Due to Khama's dedication to development, very little was spent on defence, and a small military police force was initially formed in place of an army.

On the foreign policy front, Khama was careful politically and did not allow militant groups to operate from within Botswana. According to Richard Dale,.

Shortly before his death, Khama played major roles in negotiating the end of the Rhodesian civil war and the resulting creation and independence of Zimbabwe , and the creation of the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference.

Khama was reelected three times by virtue of the BDP easily winning the , and elections. In Botswana, candidates for the National Assembly declare whom they endorse for president when they lodge their nomination papers, and the presidential candidate with a majority of endorsements is automatically elected.

He governed with very large majorities for his entire tenure, never facing more than seven opposition MPs.

For a number of years leading up to his death, Khama's health deteriorated. He suffered from heart and kidney ailments. In he had been diagnosed with diabetes.

In , he underwent a heart operation in Johannesburg to install a pacemaker. From then on, he frequently flew to London for medical treatment.

In June , he flew to London, where doctors diagnosed him with terminal pancreatic cancer. He returned home after it was determined that no cure was possible.

On 13 July , Khama died of pancreatic cancer at age Forty thousand people paid their respects to Khama as his body lay in state in Gaborone. Twenty eight years after Khama's death, his son Ian succeeded Festus Mogae as the fourth President of Botswana; in the general election he won a landslide victory.

Ian Khama left office in It was named after Khama and opened in In , the film A United Kingdom told the story of the controversies that surrounded Khama's marriage.

Khama is frequently referenced in The No. Mma Ramotswe, the series' protagonist, greatly admires him, compares him with Nelson Mandela and very much regrets the fact of his not being so well known internationally.

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